Contrary to popular belief, electric car models have a very attractive cost compared to petrol or diesel combustion vehicles. State aid grants motorists a premium for the purchase of a 100% electric car. This benefit varies between €6300 and €10,000 on 1 January 2016. In 2017, the minimum premium is €6,000. Thanks to these bonuses, the final purchase cost of an electric car is almost identical to that of its diesel or petrol equivalent. The purchase of an electric car also has other advantages and disadvantages. Discover through this guide, the main strengths and weaknesses of these cars.
What are the advantages in the motorization of electric cars?
The principle of electric car models is to simplify the design of the car by reducing the number of parts. This approach increases the reliability of the car. Driving an electric car is like having an ecological car. Investing in electric vehicles helps to improve air quality. In addition, noise pollution can be reduced. Thanks to quieter driving, driving an electric car seems to be more relaxing than driving a car with an internal combustion engine. The particularity of electric vehicles is their battery operation.
Recharging a battery is cheaper than when you have to fill up with fuel from fossil fuels. The increase in the number of electric vehicle registrations in France is due to the fact that they represent an alternative to polluting cars. This type of car does not release any CO22 into the atmosphere.
The disadvantages of rechargeable cars
Even if electric car owners can save several dollars, the cost of buying the vehicle is higher. The number of vehicles varies according to the model, it costs on average between $30,000 and $80,000. Most 100% electric cars do not allow you to travel a long distance without recharging. The average range of such a car model is estimated at less than 160 km. Before you can drive, you will have to wait a long time to recharge. Enjoy a full charge of the electric car by waiting 6 to 8 hours. It should be noted that there are fast charging stations capable of charging the battery from 80 to 90% for 15 to 30 minutes. The concern is that these boundaries are still rare.
The disadvantage of this technology is that the fast charging terminals reduce the battery life. It is impossible to improvise a trip with an electric vehicle since charging stations are rare in some places and non-existent in several regions of France. It is important to ensure that the destination you wish to travel to has a terminal location. Although the electric car requires little maintenance, this type of service must be performed by specialized technicians with special equipment. It will also be necessary to replace the battery after 5 years.
Where and how can you recharge your electric vehicle?
To recharge your electric vehicle, you will need to use the special terminals. There are also quick charging stations that allow owners of environmentally friendly cars to recharge their cars more quickly. The time required to recharge a battery of vehicles connected to a normal terminal varies from 2 to 4 hours. To recharge your batteries, you may have to wait up to 8 hours. The duration of charging varies according to the capacity and power of the car charger. Most of the locations of the charging stations have been strategically studied. For example, they allow users to shop in a shopping area, have lunch in a restaurant or rest in a hotel while waiting for the battery to recharge. It should be noted that it is possible to recharge your electric car at home. Simply connect the cable to a conventional grounded outlet.
Costs and budget of an electric car
Charging an electric car on a household socket or wall box will not cost more than using an oven or washing machine. The calculation of the recharging price of an electric car consists in estimating the consumption of the car, which averages between 12 and 20 kWh/100 km. This value is multiplied by the energy supplier’s rate per kilowatt-hour. Public charging stations accept different access modes: access badge, interactive voice server or SMS, credit card, from a communication interface with the charging station.
The engine of an electric car, how does it work?
The electric car works easily. This vehicle uses a battery integrated into the engine instead of a petrol or diesel internal combustion engine. The motor of the electric car has no clutch. By pressing the accelerator pedal, the battery releases direct current. The converter transforms the direct current into alternating current and then generates an electromagnetic field capable of passing through the copper coil of the motor. The presence of an on-board computer in the vehicle manages, controls and regulates the power required by the engine.